Ruislip has a rich historic heritage including the Manor Farm site, a 13th Century church, a number of houses from the 16th Century onwards and a substantial conservation area preserving early 20th Century suburban housing.
What is Conservation in Ruislip and why is it important?
Ruislip has a rich historic heritage including the historic Manor Farm site, a 13th Century church and a number of houses from the 16th Century onwards. It also contains a substantial Conservation Area preserving houses built in the early 20th Century, when the area was developed on “garden suburb” lines. The Manor Farm site comprises a 13th century Great Barn, a 16th Century Manor House, a 16th Century Little Barn and an early medieval Motte and Bailey. Further details of the Manor Farm site are shown here.
Conservation is about ensuring the protection of these assets, and preservation of the character of the area, for the benefit of current and future residents. Without continuous attention, a series of apparently minor alterations could, over time, result in the gradual but permanent damage to the heritage and character of Ruislip.
What historic assets have we got in the area covered by Ruislip Residents' Association?
Hillingdon Council designate areas as Conservation Areas, or Areas of Special Character, based on a score against nine criteria relating to Townscape significance, Architectural significance and Historic significance. The council review conservation areas, in consultation with residents, stakeholders, local groups and other interested parties, and may from time to time extend existing areas, or designate new ones.
In summary, within Ruislip there are:
- Two Conservation Areas (“Ruislip Village Conservation Area” and “Manor Way Conservation Area”). These are areas of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.
- Two Areas of Special Local Character (“Midcroft” and “Moat Drive”). These are a local designation, and include areas which contain elements of local character and identity that the council wishes to preserve.
Ruislip also contains
- An Archaeological Priority Area (Ruislip Motte & Bailey) covering Park Wood, Ruislip Lido and adjacent areas. Within this area are two Scheduled Ancient Monuments: the Motte and Bailey in the Manor Farm site, and Park Pale – an earthwork forming the boundary of the medieval deer park. These archaeological remains are an important and valuable local and national resource.
Of these the Ruislip Village Conservation Area contains most of the key historic and architectural assets.
Ruislip Village Conservation Area (RVCA)
A map showing the boundary of the RVCA is at this link:
The Ruislip Village Conservation Area (RVCA) was designated in 1969, and was one of the first of such areas to be agreed within the London Borough of Hillingdon. It then contained only the medieval village centre: Manor Farm (the administrative centre of the manor of Ruislip), St. Martin’s Church (the ecclesiastical centre of the Parish of Ruislip), and the ancient buildings at the north end of Ruislip High Street and south end of Bury Street – all of which are “listed”.
In 2009 the RVCA was extended to include all of the High Street and the later residential “garden suburb” area immediately to the west, built upon the Park Estate and Withy Crofts - meadowland belonging to the King’s College Estate - as well as the old hamlets of Great King’s End and Little King’s End. It is a good example of “Metroland” development which followed the arrival of the railway in the early 1900s, having many high quality residential houses set in mature gardens.
The RVCA is rich in historic buildings and features – containing 23 Statutorily Listed buildings, 26 Locally Listed buildings and one Scheduled Ancient Monument. Details are available via this link: Conservation-areas-in-Hillingdon
Ruislip “Manor Way” Conservation Area
Manor Way is architecturally and socially important because it has the earliest cottages built by the Ruislip Manor Cottage Society, founded in 1911, to provide attractive and decent housing for working people.
A map showing the area covered by the Manor Way Conservation Area is at this link:
Areas of Special Local Character
Areas of Special Local Character are a local designation, and include areas which contain elements of local character and identity that the council wishes to preserve.
Maps showing the location of the Midcroft and Moat Drive Areas of Special Local Character are at the links below:
Details of the statutorily and locally listed buildings can be found at the links shown below:
- All buildings listed nationally can be found via the Heritage Gateway site.
- Locally-listed buildings in Ruislip are at this site: Locally-listed-buildings-in-Ruislip.
Further details are available via the Hillingdon Council website at this link: Conservation-heritage-and-urban-design
What difference does this classification of areas and buildings make in practice?
Within conservation areas, normal 'permitted development' rights (permission granted automatically for certain works to single family dwelling houses) are restricted, enabling the council to have more control over the size, design and location of extensions and alterations. There are also additional restrictions relating to demolitions and work on trees.
More specifically, any planning proposals for sites within a Conservation Area or Area of Special Local Character will require a higher standard of design, use of traditional materials, and any new features need to be complementary to the existing building.
Proposals for Listed Buildings legally require Listed Building Consent – for all internal and external works.
Details of relevant current policies and guidance are available via the Hillingdon Council website at this link:
Details of recent planning applications and decisions within the Conservation Areas and Areas of Special Local Character are shown in the Conservation Area Planning section.
Archaeological Priority Area (APA)
The area covered by the Ruislip Motte and Bailey APA is shown at the link below:
There are several local voluntary groups who work together to help ensure the protection of the historic environment. These include:
- Ruislip Residents' Association,
- Ruislip, Northwood & Eastcote Local History Society, and
- Ruislip Village Conservation Panel.
All applications for new development and for alterations and extensions to existing buildings are considered by Hillingdon Council's Planning department. In determining these applications, planning officers and Planning Committee members benefit from the local knowledge and relevant observations and recommendations provided by the groups mentioned above.